Cyber Security is one of the most recent technological advances the world has had throughout the past decade. Some of the other examples of technological advances include 5G, Virtual Reality, and so on. While you may have heard of Cyber Security in Malaysia, what exactly is it?
What is Cyber Security in Malaysia 2021?
According to Kaspersky, the definition of cyber security is the practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks. People also know it as information technology security or electronic information security. The term applies in a variety of contexts, from business to mobile computing, and can be divided into a few common categories.
These categories include:
- Network security
- Application security
- Information security
- Operational security
- End-User education
- Disaster recovery and business continuity
Reason why Cyber Security exists: Cyber Threats
The global cyber threat continues to evolve at a rapid pace, with a rising number of data breaches each year. A report by RiskBased Security revealed that a shocking 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019 alone. This figure is more than double (112%) the number of records exposed in the same period in 2018.
Medical services, retailers and public entities experienced the most breaches, with malicious criminals responsible for most incidents. Some of these sectors are more appealing to cybercriminals because they collect financial and medical data, but all businesses that use networks can be targeted for customer data, corporate espionage, or customer attacks.
With the scale of the cyber threat set to continue to rise, the International Data Corporation predicts that worldwide spending on cyber-security solutions will reach a massive $133.7 billion by 2022. Governments across the globe have responded to the rising cyber threat with guidance to help organizations implement effective cyber-security practices.
Types of Cyber Threats
According to Kaspersky, the threats countered by cyber-security are three-fold:
Cybercrime includes single actors or groups targeting systems for financial gain or to cause disruption.
Cyber-attack often involves politically motivated information gathering.
Cyberterrorism is intended to undermine electronic systems to cause panic or fear.
So, how do malicious actors gain control of computer systems? Here are some common methods that threaten cyber-security:
Malware means malicious software. One of the most common cyber threats, malware is software that a cybercriminal or hacker has created to disrupt or damage a legitimate user’s computer. Often spread via a random email attachment or legitimate-looking download, cybercriminals use malware to make money or in politically motivated cyber-attacks.
There are a number of different types of malware, including:
Virus: A self-replicating program that attaches itself to clean file and spreads throughout a computer system, infecting files with malicious code.
Trojans: A type of malware that is disguised as legitimate software. Cybercriminals trick users into uploading Trojans onto their computer where they cause damage or collect data.
Spyware: A program that secretly records what a user does, so that cybercriminals can make use of this information. For example, spyware could capture credit card details.
Ransomware: Malware which locks down a user’s files and data, with the threat of erasing it unless the victim pays a ransom.
Adware: Advertising software which can be used to spread malware.
Botnets: Networks of malware-infected computers which cybercriminals use to perform tasks online without the user’s permission.
How to protect yourself from cyber attacks?
Update your software and operating system: This means you benefit from the latest security patches.
Use anti-virus software: Security solutions like Kaspersky Total Security will detect and removes threats. Keep your software updated for the best level of protection.
Use strong passwords: Ensure your passwords are not easily guessable.
Do not open email attachments from unknown senders: These could be infected with malware.
Do not click on links in emails from unknown senders or unfamiliar websites: This is a common way that malware is spread.
Avoid using unsecured WiFi networks in public places: Unsecure networks leave you vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks.
Now that you have learnt about what is Cyber Security in Malaysia, you should be in delight to learn that Malaysia also has a website to educate and enforce Cyber Security in Malaysia. Keep safe on the internet!
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