Tourism: How COVID-19 has impacted tourism


Many people in the world like travelling, whether it be to the other end of the world or just to a local seaside. However, the year 2020 has brought an unfortunate event that forced everyone to stay at home. The COVID-19 pandemic forced everyone to stay at home because of how strong the contagiousness of the virus is.

The spread of the coronavirus massively tormented the tourism industry. This is because many countries have introduced travel restrictions in a shot to contain its spread. The international organization World Tourism Organization estimated that global international tourist arrivals might decrease by 58% to 78% in 2020. This will result in a possible loss of US$0.9–1.2 trillion in international tourism receipts.

UNWTO reported a 65% drop in international tourist arrivals in the first six months of 2020. The main reason being many tourist attractions around the world, such as museums, amusement parks, and sports venues have closed.

Industries that were affected

Airline industry

Being one of the industries that facilitates travel and tourism, it is no surprise how hugely the pandemic has affected the Airline industry. During the year, airlines such as Flybe, CityJet and AtlasGlobal have filed for bankruptcy and collapsed. Many other airlines may still exist but are near bankruptcy, which will lead to an imminent collapse. Even huge airlines such as Virgin and CathayPacific have gone through huge retrenchments of staff.

In a global level analysis, there was a reduction of 67% of flights, 1.47 billion of passengers, and down 264 billion USD in revenue.

Hotel industry

Being another facility that revolves around travelling and tourism, hotels around the world have been struggling financially to maintain the business. Many rooms are left empty with almost zero customers residing in the hotel.

Tourism industry

In an industry that involves guiding and welcoming tourists, it is again no doubt that it is struggling financially. Many tourism agencies have closed down and have huge debts due to the sudden halt of tourists.

The Bottom Line

Despite the pandemic, many tourism agencies and industries involving tourism are starting to invent ways to cope with it. In fact, with many countries around the world recovering from the pandemic, for example, China, tourism is opening up. Eventually, the tourism industry will recover financially from the pandemic. However, the time that will come is unknown as the vaccine is not fully effective as of the time of writing.


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