PAD: The implications of a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet


What is PAD?

Most people may not be familiar with the term Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). It has already impacted 200 million people worldwide.

PAD is increasing faster than in other regions, especially in Asia. People close to the disease are well aware of its implication. However, general awareness is relatively low, despite its prevalence.

Data of PAD

In 2018, 15.6 per cent (18,267) of total deaths were due to artery failure from the report of the Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM), an increase of 2.3 per cent from 2017. Fifty people in Malaysia die daily from artery-related diseases of various causes.

While non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the world’s biggest cause of death. There are more than doubled those numbers highlighting artery-related deaths worldwide every year.

How does it affect the patient?

PAD typically affects the arteries in the legs, resulting in reduced blood flow to your limbs, which may lead to amputation.

The build-up of fatty deposits will cause the narrowing of arteries. Globally, the prevalence of the disease increased by 17 per cent between 2010 and 2015. Moreover, it may lead to disability, loss of limb, or death.

Causes of the disease

A sedentary and unhealthy lifestyle increases the risk. For example, smoking, lack of exercise, a diet high in saturated fat as well as age is among the key risk factors.

The prevalence of PAD increases with age, and there is a higher risk among men, especially for who are diabetic and those who smoke.

A sedentary lifestyle and a diet high in saturated fat increase the risk.

Save your limb

If amputation becomes necessary because of  PAD, it will affect the individual’s quality of life

The impact of amputation and the disease goes beyond physical disability and financial burden for treatment.

The importance of early prevention for PAD must be focused on. This is because to ensure it doesn’t lead to major amputations.

There is an urgent need to address the needs and disease burden of patients suffering from PAD. Early diagnosis is advisable and this can be easily done using basic clinical examinations administered by general practitioners or nurses.

Diabetic patients with PAD may present later at a more severe stage and a greater risk of amputation. In Malaysia, the overall prevalence of PAD is 16 per cent in the diabetic population.

Currently, medicinal development has led to the innovation of antithrombotic medication. This is because it can help lessen the risk of major adverse limb events in patients with PAD.


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The implications of a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet


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