Overpopulation is an issue that has been a growing concern in many countries around the world. Countries that have the biggest issue with overpopulation are mostly third-world countries. Some of these countries include places like India, Pakistan, Nigeria and so on.
Main causes of overpopulation
The main causes of overpopulation include:
At the root of overpopulation is the difference between the overall birth rate and death rate in populations. If the number of children born each year equals the number of adults that die, then the population will stabilize. If there is a decline in death rate and a constant birth rate, the population will rise.
2) Increase in the birth rate
A vice versa from the above reason, an increase in birth rate and a constant death rate will increase the population.
3) Ravishing poverty
Poverty is taken into account because the leading reason behind overpopulation. Within the absence of educational resources, as well as high death rates, which results in higher birth rates, that’s why impoverished areas are seeing large booms in population.
For thousands of years, a awfully small a part of the population had enough money to measure in comfort. The remainder faced poverty and would give birth to large families to create up for the high mortality rate.
4) Lack of family planning
Most developing nations have an outsized number of individuals who are illiterate. They live below the personal income, and have little or no knowledge about planning. Besides, getting their children married at an early age increases the possibilities of manufacturing more kids.
Those people are unable to grasp the harmful effects of overpopulation, and lack of quality education prompts them to avoid planning measures.
Surprisingly, there are actually potential benefits of having a huge population.
- More human population so more workers in different fields
- Better economy growth
- More tax payers
- More funds
- Huger diversity
- More share of people for particular programs
- Depletion of national resources
- Degradation of the environment
- Rise in unemployment
- High living cost
- Pandemics and epidemics
- Water shortage
- Low life expectancy
- Faster climate change
Although having a higher population can have several benefits, it is very obvious that the negatives outweigh the positives. Therefore, it is good for governments around the world to spread awareness to its citizens for them to learn. For example, China implemented the 1 child policy from 1979 to 2016. This worked out magically for them and it improved the issue.
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