More than half of adults are overweight in China

More than half of adults are overweight
An official Chinese research report found that more than half of adults in China are currently overweight or obese, and the total number exceeds 500 million.

This number has risen sharply since 2002, when only 29% of adults were overweight.

Decades ago, the Chinese were still worried about famine and unable to fill their stomachs, but the rapid growth of the Chinese economy after the reform and opening up led to major changes in people’s lifestyle, eating habits and exercise.
In October of this year, multiple departments of the Chinese government jointly formulated the “Implementation Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents”, committed to “starting from an early age” and paying attention to the problems of overweight and obesity in the population.

Overweight and obesity increase the risk of many diseases, including heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

During the new coronavirus pandemic, obesity has once again become the focus of attention. Because studies have shown that people who are overweight or obese are more likely to suffer from serious complications or die from new coronary pneumonia.

Over half of adults are overweight

The “Report on Nutrition and Chronic Disease Status of Chinese Residents” released by the National Health Commission of China on Wednesday (December 23) found that the overweight rate of Chinese adult residents exceeds 50%. Among them, 16.4% are obese.
Among adolescents and children, the overweight and obesity rates of people aged 6-17 and under 6 reached 19% and 10.4%, respectively.
The report attributed the Chinese people’s “increasing waist circumference” to the decrease in people’s physical exercise, saying that less than a quarter of adults exercise at least once a week.
People’s growing demand for meat and a decrease in fruit consumption are also thought to be reasons for weight gain.

Four people use treadmills at the Aimin Fat Reduction Hospital in Tianjin China, in 2015

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Harbin nutritionist Wang Dan told Agence France-Presse that many adults in China now “do too little exercise, too much pressure, and unhealthy daily routines.”
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines overweight and obesity for adults as follows: height and body mass index is equal to or greater than 25 as overweight; height and body mass index is equal to or greater than 30 as obesity.
The body mass index (BMI) is the calculated value of height to weight, which is defined as the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters.

In order to avoid pot belly, some local governments and enterprises have also taken the initiative to attack.

In October this year, Changzhi City, Shanxi Province included the results of the naked eye vision. And weight assessment into the high school entrance examination results. Among them, weight accounts for 5 points.
According to Chinese media reports.
However, these measures that listed weight as a key factor in personnel evaluation have also caused great controversy. Critics think this is a kind of “discrimination.”

What about other countries?

In recent years, China is not the only country where the number of overweight or obese people has increased.
Earlier this year, the WHO reported that since 1975. The level of obesity in the world, including low- and middle-income countries, has tripled.
A woman measures her weight at a weight-loss hospital in Tianjin.
A woman measures her weight at a weight-loss hospital in Tianjin.
According to WHO’s own estimates, in 2016, nearly 40% of adults were overweight and about 13% were obese.
More than 70% of people in this country are overweight or obese.

Residents in Wuhan

Data show that in 2019, deaths caused by chronic diseases in China accounted for 88.5% of the total deaths. After that, the death rate of the central cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases was 80.7%.
In addition, the Chinese not only “gained fat” but also “grew taller.”
The report shows that the average height of Chinese adults continues to grow. The average height of men aged 18 to 44 is 169.7 cm and that of women is 158.0 cm.

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