Food theory: Brown Egg vs. White Egg

Food theory:Brown Egg vs White Egg

Food theory:  When it comes to buying eggs there will be brown and white eggs, but the truth is the colour of eggs has no effect on the of taste, nutrition, and mineral.

The main difference is that brown eggs have a pigment in the shell that white eggs don’t have.

In fact, the colour of an egg determines the breed of chicken that laid it. Darker breeds tend to lay darker eggs, while white breeds lay white eggs. However, what chicken ate could impact the nutritional value, taste, and texture of your eggs

Here’s what you should know about brown versus white eggs.

Food theory-White vs brown

The production of the egg is important to undertsand the difference in the colour of the egg.

When the ovum of the hen enters the oviduct. When the yolk moves along the oviduct, layers including the egg white and shell are added.

However,  there’s an extra step which the pigment called protoporphyrin IX is added to the eggshell in dark-feathered hens at the end of fertilization.

The breed can determine the colour of the egg. Colour of the egg from a hen will be known by looking at its feathers or ear lobes.

Food theory:Brown Egg vs White Egg

Colour of the egg from a hen will be known by looking at its feathers or ear lobes.

Food theory-Price of brown eggs 

The white egg can produce lots so they are more economical for farmers. This also explains why brown eggs are often more expensive.

Furthermore, it takes more feed to feed and produce a dozen eggs for a brown-shelled egg layer.

Things to know before buying egg

Here’s what some of those common labels you see on your egg cartons:

  • Free-range: Hens that have unlimited access to food, water, and outdoor spaces during their laying cycle.
  • Cage-free: Eggs labelled cage-free are from hens that have unlimited access to food and water, plus some room to roam.
  • Omega-3 enriched: These are eggs from hens that have been fed a diet with flaxseed, which contains omega-3 fatty acids. The eggs, therefore, have more omega-3, but much less than a serving of fish.
  • Organic: Organic eggs originate from chickens that have been fed a wholly organic diet. They usually have access to the outdoors as well, Klippen says.


In a nutshell, there is no taste or nutritional differences between brown and white eggs. However, there can be differences in nutrition depending on what the hen is fed.

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1)Brown versus white eggs: Which eggs to buy and why



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