AEMCO, CMCO, TEMCO, explained


As Covid-19 cases spike, the National Security Council has enforced targeted movement curbs in red zone areas. The enforcement is to prevent a new transmission wave of the coronavirus.

Last week, the new daily recorded cases reached levels that the second wave has not even seen, which lasted from March until May. Authorities imposed a forced nationwide lockdown for the second wave.

On October 6, Tuesday, the Ministry of Health (MOH) recorded 691 cases along with four deaths which made the highest record so far. Two states, Kedah and Sabah were in a huge surge of the virus due to local transmissions. The transmissions later attributed to a few new clusters in the two states.

The recorded numbers indicated the arrival of a third wave, according to Health director-general Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah. He advised the public to stay home in order to flatten the curve in many announcements.

Health D-G Tan Sri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah advised the public to play their role to comply safety operating procedures. Photo source: Shafwan Zaidon

However, last Tuesday, Prime Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin revealed that Malaysia will not impose another nationwide lockdown. He added that the economy will not be able to hold out. Also, many sectors have barely recovered from the last lockdown.

The second wave infection started in February forced the imposition of a movement control order (MCO) nationwide. Thus, people closed their business and stayed indoors. The MCO which started on March 18 has affected the nation’s economy for nearly three months.

The MCO which only lifted in May later estimated to lose output and trade of  RM 250 billion, a fifth of GDP.

To counter the economic crisis, the government announced to only deploy targeted lockdown at high risk or red zone areas instead of nationwide lockdown.

The enforcement is either through targeted enhanced movement control order (TEMCO), conditional movement control order (CMCO), or administrative enhanced movement control order (AEMCO).


TEMCO only applies to small areas such as residential complex or office buildings. The enforcement comes with tighter restrictions. It prohibits movement to enter and exit the premises. However, only the head of the family can head outside to purchase essential items for the household.

Residents cannot hold social activities during TEMCO. And, residents in the targeted areas must undergo mandatory quarantine, which may extend up to 28 days. Covid-19 screening and testing are compulsory.

Authorities blocked movements of entry and exit of Simpang Renggam, a Johor district for there was a cluster infected hundreds in April.

In Alor Setar, the government placed a prison under a lockdown of TEMCO due to new recent cases.


AEMCO comes with fewer restrictions but also targeting at high-risk areas.

Residents under AEMCO can move in and out but within a designated location. However, there will be officials at stations subject to clearance. Residents are also required to undergo Covid-19 screening and testing.

AEMCO allows food and essential services to operate.

Photo source: REUTERS


CMCO allows free movement but with the condition to follow health standard operating procedures. Also, CMCO replaced the MCO.

The very first CMCO limited the number of passengers in private vehicles. The driver and passengers must come from the same household. The first CMCO only allowed one driver and a maximum of three passengers.

The authorities later lifted the quota on the number of passengers in the first CMCO. However, the rule that only passengers from the same household in a vehicle remain enforced.

Meanwhile, public transports are to reduce passenger capacity by half. Taxis and e-hailing vehicles can only contain two passengers per journey.

In the latest update, the government imposed CMCO in 36 localities within the Klang district in Selangor. Also, three districts of Sandakan, Papar and Tuaran in Sabah.

Operating hours of grocery shops and convenience stores are restricted from 6 am to 6 pm.

Social and religious activities are not allowed.

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  1. TEMCO, CMCO, AEMCO: What these are and what you need to know



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