A guide to US Election 2020

Joe Biden, Donald Trump
Mr Trump would be 74 years old at the start of his second term, while at 78, Mr Biden would be the oldest first-term president in history. Photo: Salon/GETTY IMAGES

The President of the United States has a major impact on the lives of people at home and abroad. So when the next election is held on November 3, the results will be of vital importance to everyone.

The US political system is controlled by only two political parties, so the president always belongs to one of them.

The Republican Party is a conservative party in the United States. The candidate for this year’s election is President Donald Trump, who hopes to gain power for another four years.

The Democratic Party is the Liberal Party of the United States. The candidate is Joe Biden. He is an experienced politician and is known for serving as Vice President of Barack Obama for eight years.

Both men were in the 1970s-Mr. Trump will be 74 years old at the beginning of his second term. Biden will be the oldest first president in history at the age of 78.

How does the winner decided?

Section image showing map and pin badges

The two candidates raced to win the electoral votes.

Like most voting systems, the Electoral College has many advantages and disadvantages, but because its historical roots are rooted in the establishment of the United States, it is widely respected. It usually reflects popular vote, but has failed in two of the past five elections, including when Donald Trump won in 2016.

Each state receives a certain number of electoral college votes based in part on its population. There are 538 contestable seats in total, so the winner is the candidate who wins 270 or more.

This means that voters will decide on state-level competitions rather than national competitions, which is why candidates are likely to win the most votes nationwide, as Hillary Clinton did in 2016 But it was still defeated by the Electoral College.

Graphic: A map of the US showing how many electoral college votes are allocated to each state

Except for two states, all states have a “winner takes all” rule, so the candidate with the highest number of votes will get votes from all the electoral colleges in that state.

Most states are heavily biased towards one party or the other, so the focus is usually on more than a dozen states, and any one state may win. These are called battlefield states.

Who can vote and how do they vote?

Section image showing ballots and ballot boxes

If you are a U.S. citizen and are over 18 years old, you should be eligible to vote in the presidential election held every four years.

In 2016, about 245 million people were eligible to vote, but fewer than 140 million people actually voted. According to data from the U.S. Census Bureau, most people who did not register to vote said they were simply not interested in politics. Those who registered but did not actually vote said they did not like candidates.

However, many states have passed laws requiring voters to show identification documents to prove who they are before they can vote.

These laws are usually made by Republicans who say it is necessary to prevent voter fraud. But Democrats accuse them of using this approach as a means to suppress voters, because such voters are usually poor, ethnic minorities, and unable to provide ID cards like driver’s licenses.

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, how people vote this year is a controversial issue. Some politicians have called for widespread use of postal ballots. However, President Trump said-with little evidence-this could lead to more voter fraud.

Is the election just about who is the president?

will not. All attention will be on Trump v. Biden, but voters will also choose new members of Congress when filling out their ballots.

Congress is the part of the US government that makes and passes laws. It consists of two houses-the House of Representatives and the Senate. Members of the House of Representatives serve for two years and senators serve for six years. They are divided into three groups, which means that one third of the members are elected every two years.

The Democrats already control the House of Representatives, so they will want to maintain this power while gaining control of the Senate.

If they have a majority in both seats, they will be able to block or postpone President Trump’s re-election plan.

All 435 seats in the House of Representatives will be elected this year, and 33 seats in the Senate will also be contested.

When will we know the result?

It may take several days to calculate a vote, but it is usually clear who is the winner the next morning.

In 2016, Donald Trump took the stage in New York at around 3 a.m. and delivered a victory speech in front of jubilant supporters.

But don’t set the alarm for now. Officials have warned that due to the expected surge in the number of postal votes, we may have to wait longer-possibly days or even weeks-for this year’s results.

The last unclear result a few hours later was in 2000. The winner was not determined until the Supreme Court made a ruling a month later.

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